A sources and uses of funds statement is a summary of a firm’s changes in financial position from one period to another; it is also called a flow of funds statement or a statement of changes in financial position. It has been replaced by the cash flow statement (1989) in US audited annual reports.
The cash flow statement shows a business’s cash inflow and cash outflow over an accounting period, normally a month or a year. A cash flow statement provides information about the changes in cash and cash equivalents of a business by classifying cash flows into operating, investing and financing activities. It is a key report to be prepared for each accounting period for which financial statements are presented by an enterprise.
Monitoring the cash situation of any business is the key. The income statement would reflect the profits but does not give any indication of the cash components. The important information of what the business has been doing with the cash is provided by the cash flow statement. Like the other financial statements, the cash flow statement is also usually drawn up annually, but can be drawn up more often. It is noteworthy that cash flow statement covers the flows of cash over a period of time (unlike the balance sheet that provides a snapshot of the business at a particular date). Also, the cash flow statement can be drawn up in a budget form and later compared to actual figures.
The cash flow statement tells exactly where a company got their money from and how it was spent. All cash received (inflows) by the company, and spent (outflows) by the company will be shown in this statement. This statement is made up by listing the changes that have occurred in all of the balance sheet items between any two balance sheet dates.
The cash flow statement shows how changes in balance sheet accounts can affect the cash which is available to a business. The projections in the statement help businesses especially when planning short-term goals or investments to see the available amount of cash available for those actions. They use cash flow statement to pick up healthy or unhealthy trends regarding a company’s trading activities.
Generally, the statement consists of two sections: the source (where the money has come from) and the application (where the money has gone).
The sources of funds originate from:
The application of funds originates from: