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Income Investing

An investment strategy focusing on building an investment portfolio specifically structured to generate regular income

What is Income Investing?

Income investing is an investment strategy that is centered on building an investment portfolio specifically structured to generate regular income. The sole objective of the income investing strategy is to generate a constant stream of income. The constant income can be in the form of dividends, bond yields, and interest payments.

 

Income Investing

 

A Basic Income Investing Portfolio

A very basic income-investing portfolio consists of a few investment options described below:

 

1. Government bonds

Government bonds are considered a very safe means of investing one’s money and generating income. They are low-risk instruments, making them attractive investment options. They can be loosely described as an investor lending their money to the government for a specified period for a low-risk exposure and a bond yield in return.

 

2. Stocks

Shares as an investment instrument for an income-investing portfolio include company stocks that pay regular, increasing dividends. They can be both common stocks and preferred stocks. Dividend payments help generate constant returns over time.

 

3. Corporate bonds

Corporate bonds are similar to government bonds, except, in the former, investors lend their money to companies instead of the government for a specific period of time. The only other difference between the two bond types is that compared to government bonds, corporate bonds carry a relatively higher level of risk. However, given the associated higher level of risk, corporate bonds generally provide higher bond yields than government bonds.

 

4. Real estate

Real estate is a very popular and a highly attractive investment option, especially for an income-investing portfolio. Real estate investments can generate a constant stream of income in the form of rental income. It also offers prosperous long-term capital stock growth options, in addition to certain tax benefits.

 

5. Mutual funds and/or interest-bearing accounts

Money market mutual funds are also an integral component of income-investing portfolios. They generate a periodic inflow of income in the form of dividends, interest payments, etc. In addition, interest-bearing accounts with banks, including savings accounts and money market accounts, provide the lowest-risk and safest means of ensuring a constant inflow of cash.

 

Advantages of Income Investing

 

1. Supplements fixed income

Income investing is a very beneficial means of supplementing one’s fixed monthly/annual income. It is a great way of earning additional support income out of assets one owns, which can be used for daily spending needs.

 

2. Potential capital stock growth

income investing offers the potential for capital stock growth in the long term, which can positively contribute to one’s wealth over the coming years.

 

Limitation of Income Investing

 

1. Uncertainty

Every investment option comes with some amount of risk. It is also the case with the income-investing strategy. While the strategy follows the policy of maximizing income with the lowest possible risk, the income it generates comes with some level of uncertainty assigned to it.

In the case of a poor investment decision or an economic downturn, the investment can potentially fall through, leading to a loss of income instead of income generation.

 

More Resources

CFI is the official provider of the global Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™ certification program, designed to help anyone become a world-class financial analyst. Through financial modeling courses, training, and exercises, anyone in the world can become a great analyst.

To keep advancing your career, the additional CFI resources below will be useful:

  • Investing: A Beginner’s Guide
  • Interest Income
  • Return on Investment (ROI)
  • Value at Risk (VAR)

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