What are Online Payment Companies?
Online payment companies are responsible for handling online or internet-based methods of payment. The online payment systems allow the seller to accept payments and the buyer to send payments over the internet. Examples of online payment companies include PayPal, Alipay, WeChat Pay, Paytm, Google Pay, and Apple Pay.
- Online payment companies handle online or internet-based methods of payment. They allow the seller to accept payments and the buyer to send payments over the internet.
- To sell online, a merchant account is needed. This is a special bank account wherein funds from online sales are held before they are transferred to a regular bank account.
- A payment gateway facilitates the smooth processing of online payments by transferring vital financial information from an online payment portal and the acquiring bank.
Online Payment Transactions
The main elements involved in an online payment transaction are:
- The cardholder, payee, or buyer, who purchases a product or avails a service online.
- The merchant or seller is the person, company, or institution that sells the product or provides a service to the payee.
- The issuer is the bank or financial institution that provides the payee with the medium of payment, usually a credit card or a debit card.
- The merchant account provider or acquirer is the bank or financial institution that opens an account for the merchant. The acquirer authorizes the legitimacy of the payee’s account.
- The payment processor is the online payment company that handles the online payment transaction between the payee and the seller.
- The payment gateway processes the online payment transaction and uses security measures and protocols or encryptions to prevent fraudulent transactions.
To sell online, a merchant account is needed. This is a special bank account wherein funds from online sales are held before they are transferred to a regular bank account.
With a merchant account, payments can be accepted through different transaction channels such as a website, an e-commerce portal, etc.
A payment gateway facilitates the smooth processing of online payments by transferring vital financial information from an online payment portal and the acquiring bank.
- It checks the legitimacy or validity of cards being used for online payments.
- It determines the issuing bank of the payee’s card.
- It encrypts the financial information required that is associated with the payee’s card; and
- It ensures smooth processing of online payments.
A payment processor is a company that primarily operates to facilitate online financial transactions between two parties. It facilitates transactions by managing payment-related information, like a credit or debit card, from the sender to the receiving party’s bank account.
Advantages of Using Online Payment Companies
1. Wider client base
Online payment companies help widen the merchant’s client base and make the customer base a global one.
2. More effective and efficient transactions
Transactions are more effective and efficient. This is because transactions are made in seconds, ensuring simplicity and speed.
3. Convenient means of payment
Customers can shop and make online payments anytime from anywhere. It is a very convenient and time-friendly method of payment.
4. Low costs
Making online payments comes with very low transaction costs. It saves time and money for both the seller and the buyer.
5. Secure transactions
One of the primary functions of online payment companies is to ensure effective security measures and anti-fraud tools. This makes online payment transactions reliable and secure.
Disadvantages of Using Online Payment Companies
1. Fraud and payment scams
E-commerce fraud is reportedly growing rapidly. Despite the security measures and protocols instituted by online payment companies, countless cases of online payment frauds and security breaches are reported on a regular basis.
2. Failed transactions from poor network connection
If the internet connection is dodgy or not performing well, it can lead to failed transactions or, sometimes, double payments.
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