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EBIAT

Earnings Before Interest After Taxes

What is EBIAT?

EBIAT, or Earnings Before Interest After Taxes, is a financial metric that measures a company’s profitability and operating efficiency. The calculation of EBIAT removes the tax benefits gained out of debt financing.

EBIAT gives a true financial picture of the company, eliminating all elements that can potentially boost or reduce its financial strength. It shows what the company’s profits would be if it were paying 100% tax of its profits.

 

Formula for EBIAT

The formula for calculating EBIAT is as follows:

 

EBIAT

 

Where:

  • EBIT = Revenues – Operating Expenses + Non-operating Income

 

Uses of EBIAT

EBIAT can be useful in the following situations:

 

1. Evaluating financial performance

Financial analysts use EBIAT to evaluate a company’s financial performance while taking into account the tax environment in which the business operates.

 

2. Getting a true financial picture

Financial decisions that a company makes are directly under their control. However, tax decisions are not under their control because tax rates and related laws are set by the government. EBIAT helps to analyze a company’s operating costs by taking into account its tax expenses to evaluate its actual operating profit.

 

3. Intra-company comparison

Calculating EBIAT facilitates comparison of companies operating in the same industry or in the same tax environment. Comparison is critical to making managerial decisions for the benefit of the organization. It is important because companies often differ in the proportion of their debt financing.

 

4. Cash flow position

EBIAT helps assess a company’s true cash flow position. It represents its liquidity or the actual availability of cash that may be used to settle its debt and other financial obligations.

 

5. Intra-company comparison

EBIAT is also useful for intra-company comparisons as it enables comparison of a company’s profitability over time. It provides a true picture of profitability and facilitates better comparison.

 

Illustrative Example

Company A generated $1,000,000 in revenues in the previous financial year. During the period, the company also reported a non-operating income of $53,000. The company’s cost of goods sold was $165,000, while its depreciation and amortization expenses were $83,000. Selling, general and administrative expenses were valued at $180,000, and miscellaneous expenses were $20,000. It also incurred a one-time cost or special expense of $48,000 for the same period.

Here, EBIT = $1,000,000 – ($165,000 + $83,000 + $180,000 + $20,000 + $48,000) + $53,000 = $557,000. Now, if the tax rate for the company is 30%, then, the EBIAT is calculated as EBIT x (1 – Tax rate) = $557,000 x (1 – 0.3) = $389,900.

 

More Resources

CFI is the official provider of the global Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™ certification program, designed to help anyone become a world-class financial analyst. To keep advancing your career, the additional resources below will be useful:

  • EBIT Guide
  • EBITDAL
  • Projecting Income Statement Line Items
  • The Ultimate Cash Flow Guide

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