COUNT Function

Counts the number of cells (or arguments) that contain a number

What is the COUNT Function?

The COUNT Function is a Statistical function. The function helps count the number of cells that contain a number, as well as the number of arguments that contain numbers. It will also count numbers in any given array. It was introduced in Excel in 2000.

As a financial analyst, the COUNT function is useful in analyzing data if we wish to keep a count of cells in given range.



=COUNT(value1, value2….)



Value1 (required argument) – The first item or cell reference or range for which we wish to count numbers.

Value2… (optional argument) – We can add up to 255 additional items, cell references, or ranges within which we wish to count numbers.

Remember this function will count only numbers and ignore everything else.


How to use the COUNT Function in Excel?

To understand the uses of the COUNT function, let us consider few examples:


Example 1

Let us see the results that we get using the data below:


COUNT Function


As seen above, the COUNT function ignored text or formula errors and counted numbers only.

The results we got in Excel are shown below:


COUNT Function - Example 1


Few observations 

  1. Logical values and Errors are not counted by this function
  2. As Excel stores dates as a serial number, the function returned 1 count for date.


The COUNT function can be used for an array. If we use the formula =COUNT(B5:B10), we will get the result 4 as shown below:


COUNT Function - Example 1a


Example 2

Let’s assume we imported data and wish to see the number of cells with numbers on it. The data given are shown below:


COUNT Function - Example 2


To count the cells with numeric data, we will use the formula COUNT(B4:B16).


COUNT Function - Example 2a


We get 3 as the result, as shown below:


COUNT Function - Example 2b


The COUNT function is fully programmed. It counts the number of cells in a range that contain numbers and returns the result as shown above.


Suppose if we use formula COUNT(B5:B17,345). We will get the result below:


COUNT Function - Example 2c


You may be wondering that B10 contains 345 in the given range. So why the COUNT FUNCTION returned 4?

The reason is that in the COUNT function, all values in the formula are put side by side and then all numbers get counted. Therefore, the number “345” has nothing to do with the range. As a result, the formula will add the numbers of the two values in the formula.


Example 3 – Using COUNT function with AVERAGE function

Suppose the prices of a certain commodity are given below:


COUNT Function - Example 3


If we wish to find out the average price from January 8 to 12,  we can use AVERAGE function along with COUNT and OFFSET functions.

The formula to use will be:


COUNT Function - Example 3a



The OFFSET function helped in creating dynamic rectangular ranges. By giving the starting reference B2, we specified the rows and columns the final range would include.

OFFSET would now return a range originating from the last entry in column B. Now the COUNT function is used for all of column B to get the required row offset. COUNT counts only numeric values, so the headings if any are automatically ignored.

There are 12 numerical values in column B so offset would resolve to OFFSET(B2,12,0,-5). With these values, OFFSET starts at B2, offset 12 rows to B13, then uses -5 to extend the rectangular range up “backward” 5 rows to create the range B9:B12.

Finally, OFFSET returns the range B9:B12 to the AVERAGE function, which computes the average of values in that range.


COUNT Function - Example 3b


Things to remember in the COUNT Function

  1. If we wish to count logical values, we should use the COUNTA function.
  2. The function belongs to COUNT function family. There are five variants of COUNT functions: COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK, COUNTIF, and COUNTIFS.
  3. We need to use COUNTIF function or COUNTIFS function if we want to count only numbers that meet specific criteria.
  4. If we wish to count based on certain criteria, then we should use COUNTIF.
  5. The COUNT function doesn’t count logical values TRUE or FALSE.


Click here to download the sample Excel file


Additional resources

Thanks for reading CFI’s guide to important Excel functions! By taking the time to learn and master these functions, you’ll significantly speed up your financial analysis. To learn more, check out these additional resources:

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