The REPT Function is categorized under Excel Logical functions. The function will repeat characters a given number of times.
In financial analysis, we can use the REPT function to fill a cell or pad values to a certain length. We can also build histograms, a chart commonly used in financial modeling, using the function by translating values directly into a certain number of (repeated) characters.
The REPT function uses the following arguments:
Text (required argument) – This is the text we want to repeat.
Number_times (required argument) – This is the positive number that specifies the number of times to repeat text.
How to use the REPT Function in Excel?
As a worksheet function, the REPT function can be entered as part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet. To understand the uses of the function, let us consider a few examples:
Suppose we are given the data below:
The results in Excel are shown in the screenshot below:
To create a simple in-cell histogram, we can use a formula based on the REPT function. It can be useful when we want to avoid the complexity of creating a separate chart.
Using the data below:
We can use REPT to repeat any character(s) we want. In the example, we used the CHAR function to output a character with a code of 110. The character, when formatted with the Wingdings font, will output a solid square. The formula to use will be:
The results we get in Wingdings font are shown below:
A few notes about the REPT Function:
#VALUE! error – Occurs if the result of the REPT function is more than 32,767 characters long.
If number_times is not an integer, it is truncated.
If number_times is 0 (zero), REPT returns “” (empty text).
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