What is Form 1040-EZ?
Form 1040-EZ is a type of federal income tax form that was offered by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) up through tax year 2017. Many American taxpayers used the form to file and report their federal income taxes for the year. Form 1040-EZ was discontinued, along with Form 1040-A, in 2018. Beginning in 2019 (filing taxes for tax year 2018), all U.S. taxpayers are required to file some version of Form 1040.
Why Use Form 1040-EZ?
A large segment of the American population was qualified to use Form 1040-EZ, prior to its discontinuation by the IRS. Using 1040-EZ took significantly less time, as compared to using Form 1040 or Form 1040-A, both of which are quite a bit longer and more detailed than the 1040-EZ. Form 1040-EZ was best suited for individuals with no dependents, minimal interest income, and whose taxable income was less than $100,000.
Who was Eligible to File Form 1040-EZ?
A person was eligible to file their taxes using Form 1040-EZ if they met all of the conditions listed below:
- A citizen of the United States or a resident alien.
- Filing status of single or married filing jointly.
- Taxable income less than $100,000, and interest income less than $400.
- Income only derived from the following sources: grants, scholarships, wages, unemployment compensation, interest, or permanent fund dividend.
- Taxpayer 65 years old or younger.
- Not itemizing deductions.
Tips for Preparing Tax Filing Forms, including 1040-EZ
1. Render name and Social Security number correctly
After providing all the information on their tax form, the last thing an individual should do is double-check the information and ensure he spelled their name and rendered their Social Security number correctly. Why? Well, the IRS takes longer to look through the form and process tax returns where the name and SSN don’t match those they have in their records.
Delayed processing often causes a delay in the issuance of tax refunds. Individuals who wish to change their SSN or name should visit the social security administration before filing their tax returns.
2. Gather all W-2 forms
There should be a Form W-2 from each employer that an individual worked for that showed wage income, as well as tax withholding. Form W-2 is usually available to be collected towards the end of every January.
Every W-2 is needed before tax returns can be filed. This form helps the IRS to calculate and add up withholding and wages so that they can be compared to the taxpayer’s reported totals.
3. Gather all 099-INT forms
Form 1099-INT is availed by banks or credit unions. It reports the total amount of interest income an individual earned over the year. This form is also available for collection towards the end of January.
If a person does not receive a Form 1099-int, it means they did not earn more than $10 in interest from the institution issuing the form.
4. Collect Form 1099-G
Individuals who received unemployment benefits during the year should provide Form 1099-G. State agencies use this form to report the total amount of unemployment benefits received by an individual.
Form 1099-G is used by state agencies to report state tax refunds received by an individual.
5. Understand itemized deductions vs. standard deductions
All taxpayers are eligible for the standard deduction, a set amount which reduces their taxable income. As of 2019, the standard deduction for single filers is $12,200, and for married couples filing jointly, $24,400.
In lieu of taking the standard deduction, taxpayers can choose to itemize their deductions – that is, list tax-deductible expenses. With the large increase in the standard deduction allowance (the standard deduction was nearly doubled as part of the Trump tax bill), nearly all taxpayers will fare better just taking the standard deduction, as opposed to itemizing. One possible exception might be individuals who own their own business or who are self-employed, and who have extensive eligible deductions to take.
Part of the process of filing your taxes involves making sure that you complete all the necessary tax forms. In the U.S., additional forms besides the basic tax Form 1040 are called “schedules”. Schedules are used for things such as reporting non-standard income (such as gambling income), to claim certain tax credits, or to report income earned from a foreign source.
Thank you for reading CFI’s explanation of U.S. Federal Income tax Form 1040-EZ. CFI is the official provider of the Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™ certification program, designed to transform anyone into a world-class financial analyst.
To keep learning and developing your knowledge of financial analysis, we highly recommend the additional CFI resources listed below: