What is a Drawing Account?
A drawing account is a financial account that essentially records owners’ drawings, i.e., the assets, mainly including money, that are withdrawn from a business by its owner(s) for their personal use.
- A drawing account is a financial account that essentially records owners’ drawings, i.e., the assets, mainly including money, that are withdrawn from a business by its owner(s) for their personal use.
- Drawing accounts are generally associated with unincorporated business organizations, such as sole proprietorships and partnerships.
- Withdrawal of any asset from the business that ultimately reduces the total owner’s equity or the total capital of the business is a drawing and is recorded in the drawings account.
What Constitutes a “Drawing” from the Business?
The definition of the drawing account includes assets, and not just money/cash, because money or cash or funds is a type of asset. It is a current asset of the company and is one of the many assets that can be withdrawn from the business by the owner(s) for their personal use.
Hence, even assets such as equipment or unsold products from the closing inventory, etc. that are withdrawn from the business for the owner’s personal use is a part of drawings.
More generally speaking, any withdrawal from the business that ultimately reduces the total owner’s equity or the total capital of the business is a drawing and is recorded in the drawings account.
Usage of Drawing Accounts
Drawing accounts are generally associated with unincorporated business organizations, such as sole proprietorships and partnerships. It is because drawing accounts separate the usage of money and assets of the business from business use to personal use.
It is essentially required in some organizations because the owner and the business are not separate entities when it comes to organizations like sole proprietorships and partnerships.
On the other hand, with incorporated businesses such as companies and multinational corporations, the business and the owner are separate entities, and hence, a drawing account is not required to separate the usage of money and assets because the distinction is already available.
Features of a Drawing Account
1. Helps track capital used for personal use
The drawings account is helpful in tracking the total amount of capital withdrawn from the business for personal use. It helps in keeping a check on the owner’s withdrawals and helps maintain the overall total capital balance of the company.
2. Not a continuing/permanent account
The drawings account is not a continuing or permanent record in the sense that, at the end of the financial year, it is balanced out in the general ledger with a credit, and the balance is transferred to the total capital or owner’s equity side of the balance sheet with a debit.
It is only used again in the next year to track the withdrawals from the business of that year, if any. Hence, it is not a continuing or permanent account, but rather a temporary one.
3. Not an expense account
While the drawing account is a debit account and shows a reduction in the total money available in the business, it is not an expense account – it is not an expense incurred by the business. Rather, it is simply a reduction in the total equity of the business for personal use.
If the drawings account were to be an expense account, it would be recorded in the profit and loss (P&L) account of the business instead of the balance sheet.
Accounting Entry for a Withdrawal
The typical accounting entry for the drawings account is a debit to the drawing account and a credit to the cash account (or whatever asset is being withdrawn). It is a reflection of the deduction of the capital from the total equity in the business.
Representation on the Balance Sheet
The drawing account is represented on a balance sheet as a contra-equity account, and is shown as a reduction on the equity side of the balance sheet to represent a deduction of total equity/total capital from the business.
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