What is Macrofinance?
Macrofinance targets widespread benefits to a section of the economy or the whole economy. It is tailored to fulfill all the financial obligations of the economy and find solutions to meet the obligations. To achieve said obligations, governments must draft policies, develop plans for subsidies, and engage in multi-year expansion strategies. In doing so, macrofinance policies will give the government an edge in providing avenues for economic growth, increased employment, and other expansions of the economy. The image below lists the different macrofinance players in an economy:
Example of Macrofinance
Let’s say state Y wants to promote the production of energy-efficient taxis in the bid to increase employment and encourage tax remittance. So, it decides to offer tax benefits to manufacturer X in the automobile assembly business. In return, the manufacturer agrees to sell its taxis at a subsidized price. Due to the affordability of the taxi, more people will gain access to jobs. The jobs will earn them money to pay their taxes and also allow them to re-invest. The taxes will enable the government to invest in programs that will not only increase the employment rate but also benefit everyone in the economy.
Macrofinance vs. Microfinance
Often, there is considerable confusion between the meaning of macrofinance and microfinance. But what all policymakers agree on is that in the presence of a balance between policies and goals, both macrofinance and microfinance provide a lot of benefits to the general economy.
Microfinance is tailored to meet the needs of individuals, small industries, or any small operating business that faces difficulties in accessing funds, while macrofinance focuses on meeting the needs of a section of the economy or the whole economy itself. Below is a detailed comparison of both macrofinance and microfinance.
- Conceptually, microfinance focuses on individual needs, while macrofinance focuses on the whole nation.
- In microfinance, the common financiers are microfinance Institutions (MFI), self-help groups (SHG), donors, and non-governmental institutions (NGO). In macrofinance, the financiers are major players such as governments, big corporations, established private lenders, and banks, including the central bank.
- Since the mode of operations is small in microfinance, the funding is generally continuous. However, with significant investments in macrofinance, projects only last for a limited tenure depending on the type of project.
- In microfinance, since financing is tailored to benefit an individual, the rate of default is very high. However, in macrofinance, since the benefit is for the whole economy, the primary challenge is in policy implementation rather than failure or discontinuation of the program.
- Microfinance empowers individuals to become self-reliant, while macrofinance aims at profiting the whole economy. For instance, Joe may borrow $15,000 for a new start-up. As a result, he may only employ James and Zowe as his assistants. On the other hand, government Z may want to construct a new public subway. The new line may cost the government $200 million per kilometer. When a contract is issued to company XY, the company on the ground employs a large number of workers to work on the construction site.
Other Terms Similar to Macrofinance
Even though in this context we’ve related the word ‘macro’ to finance, you may find other instances where macro will present with an entirely different meaning. Here are those instances:
Macro in Microsoft Excel
In MS Excel, a macro is a feature triggered by a keyboard or mouse event that automates repetitive and common data formatting tasks.
Macro in Accounting
In accounting, it’s known as macro accounting. It refers to accounting for the aggregate performance of the country. Like macrofinance, macro accounting focuses on the general economy of the nation, rather than a single entity.
Macro in Risks
Macro risks refer to political changes that are either controllable or uncontrollable. Usually, they affect all foreign activities that hamper investment opportunities and hurt the GDP of the involved country. Often, an acute effect may lead to high inflation and a collapse of the currency.
Macro in Economics
Macro in economics focuses on changes in asset prices in a section of the economy or the whole economy, rather than a specific industry.
CFI is the official provider of the global Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™ certification program, designed to help anyone become a world-class financial analyst. To keep advancing your career, the additional CFI resources below will be useful: