What are Hard Assets?
Hard assets are physical or tangible assets that hold value and are normally held for the long term. In addition to tangibility, they are also visible and are considered an investable asset because of their intrinsic value. Companies and individuals can purchase and own hard assets for revenue growth and increase production.
Hard assets are non-perishable and possess intrinsic value. They also act as a hedge against inflation, as their value changes inversely to changes in the value of soft assets and non-physical assets. However, such an inverse relationship does not always hold true. As an investment alternative, hard assets provide security in times of uncertainty, market instability, and volatility. They retain value regardless of how far their market prices may drop.
- Hard asset investments are a good investment alternative to conventional soft assets, such as stocks and bonds. Their principal characteristic is tangibility.
- They are an excellent hedge against inflation and their real use and scarcity are where their value is derived.
- Hard assets offer excellent diversification benefits due to their low correlation with soft assets.
Examples of Hard Assets
- Real estate
- Gold, Silver, Platinum & other precious metals
- Oil, Natural gas & other resources
- Equipment and machinery
- Vehicles / Classic cars
Commodity hard assets include energy and alternative energy products, precious metals, agricultural products, forestry products, and base and industrial metals. Hard assets usually track inflation trends to retain value, and their demand does not falter. It is largely true for hard assets such as oil and real estate.
The opposite of hard assets is intangible assets, which are non-physical in nature but hold value. Intangibles include assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. There are also soft assets such as stocks and bonds.
Investing in Hard Assets
- There is a high demand for hard assets from individuals and companies as alternative investment options. Some investors particularly like such assets because of their tangibility and physicality. Hard assets can be good investments, as they offer benefits that other investments lack.
- Hard asset investments add diversity to traditional portfolios of stocks and fixed-income instruments.
- The investments offer competitive returns that can outperform most conventional investment assets.
- Hard assets also show a high correlation with inflation, making them perfect hedges.
- There is a possibility of improving the risk/reward profile of a portfolio by including hard assets in the asset mix.
- Hard assets usually demonstrate a low correlation with conventional investments, such as stocks and bonds; hence, their inclusion adds value to a portfolio through diversification.
- Investment in hard assets does not need regular or daily check-ups like with stock investing, where every piece of news on the stock can affect the price. With hard asset investing it is a sit back and watch investment.
- Hard assets do not lose their value by more than 10% or 50% in a day typical of stocks. Their value, if eroded, happens gradually.
Opportunities for Hard Asset Investing
Performance drivers for mainstream stocks are largely different from those that drive hard assets. The two asset classes react differently to changing market conditions. Hard assets tend to outperform equities during periods of global growth, moderate inflation, and high interest rates. Inversely, equities tend to outperform hard assets during periods of slow growth and low inflation.
The above factors present an opportunity for hard asset investing if predictions by global financial institutions, such as IMF and World Bank, indicate strong global growth and positive consumption patterns for commodities and base metals.
Other opportunities come from optimistic growth estimates for global industry and manufacturing powerhouse countries that consume hard assets such as commodities and natural resources notably the USA, China, Japan, Germany, etc.
Forecasts of a global economy heating up will indicate rising inflation, which is usually greeted with a sense of panic by most investors. However, it is an opportunity where investing in hard assets can prove to be advantageous. Hard asset investment as an addition to the portfolio will offer a hedge against inflation, as well as provide diversification benefits.
CFI offers the Capital Markets & Securities Analyst (CMSA)™ certification program for those looking to take their careers to the next level. To keep learning and advancing your career, the following resources will be helpful: