What is the New York Board of Trade (NYBOT)?
Founded and established in 1870, the New York Board of Trade (NYBOT) is a physical commodity futures exchange. The NYBOT is located in New York City and trades futures and/or options on currencies, interest rates, market indexes, coffee, cotton, orange juice, cocoa, and sugar. It later became part of the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) in 2006.
In its earlier years of operation, the NYBOT made use of human traders to carry out commodities trading. The trades would be found on trading floors. Currently, a greater portion of NYBOT’s trades is conducted digitally and electronically via computers.
- The New York Board of Trade is a physical commodity futures exchange.
- The NYBOT is located in New York City and trades futures and/or options on currencies, interest rates, market indexes, coffee, cotton, orange juice, cocoa, and sugar.
- Companies that trade on NYBOT employ brokers, and the brokers are sent to the trading floor to facilitate trades. On the trading floor, futures contracts are traded in order to purchase or sell currencies, commodities, and other instruments, at predetermined prices and predetermined dates in the future.
History of the NYBOT
Upon being founded, the NYBOT’s trading was mainly conducted by humans. In 1997, the NYBOT acquired the Coffee, Sugar, and Cocoa Exchange (CSCE). The move increased their presence and position in the trading market. In 2006, ICE then purchased the joint entities. In 2007, the NYBOT was renamed to ICE Futures U.S. The NYBOT trading floor is regulated by the CFTC.
With the NYBOT focusing on the trading of physical commodities through futures contracts, the institution created an opportunity for producers and buyers of the commodities to take advantage of their prices ahead of time. The futures contracts can serve as protection or a contingency plan against volatility or production shortages.
How the NYBOT Works
Companies that trade on the NYBOT make use of brokers, and the brokers are sent to the trading floor to facilitate trades. On the trading floor, futures contracts are traded in order to purchase or sell currencies, commodities, and other instruments at predetermined prices and predetermined dates in the future.
It means that companies that are reliant on certain commodities can purchase them at predetermined prices for a future delivery date. The date can be in future weeks, months, or years. It gives companies the capacity to determine the cost of their raw materials.
The contracts are exchanged in a “trading room” (also referred to as a “trading pit”). The traders in the pit determine future rates in such fast-paced markets.
It is very important to remember that investors involved in the futures contracts are not buying the agricultural commodity but are rather trading the contracts which allow for control of the underlying asset. What is really exchanged is money (cash).
Importance of the NYBOT
The NYBOT provides a means for investors to achieve leverage. Futures and options contracts allow for the creation and deployment of leverage, which can result in either substantial wins or losses for the investors.
The NYBOT keeps a post margin requirement of 5%. The post margin is needed from the investor to make the trade. Hence, the investor only needs to pay 5% of the contract value to trade.
In addition, with the ability of traders to make use of market forces to reach realistic price expectations for certain commodities and other financial instruments, the NYBOT provides a means for smoothing market imbalances.
Finally, with the small post margin requirement, an investor is granted considerable control of an underlying asset. With prices that fluctuate quickly and higher than 5%, the investor only holds a small stake, thereby providing leverage.
The NYBOT in the Real World
The ICE, which acquired the NYBOT, currently functions and trades digitally and electronically via computers. It allows quick transactions and trades between market participants. The move, in conjunction and support of a new digital era, brought about an increase in market sizes and transactional volumes. Being an international marketplace, the ICE provides traders with a platform to trade in various commodities, ranging from agricultural commodities to derivative products.
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