The RECEIVED function uses the following arguments:
Settlement (required argument) – This is the security’s settlement date. It is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.
Maturity (required argument) – The security’s maturity date or when it expires.
Investment (required argument) – This is the amount invested in the security.
Discount (required argument) – This is the security’s discount rate.
Basis (optional argument) – The type of day count basis to be used.
Day Count basis
0 or omitted
Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2018 is serial number 43101 because it is 43,101 days after January 1, 1900.
Settlement, maturity, and basis are truncated to integers.
How to use the maturity RECEIVED Function in Excel?
To understand the uses of the function, let’s look at an example:
Suppose we are given the following data:
Calculate the amount received at maturity on an investment of $1,000, which was used to purchase a security on April 1, 2017. The security matured on March 31, 2018, with a discount rate of 4.5%. The US (NASD) 30/360 day count basis is used:
The formula used is:
We get the result below:
In the above example:
As recommended by Excel, the settlement and maturity dates are provided to the function as references to dates stored in cells B2 and B3.
The discount argument is supplied to the function as a percentage value, 4.5%. It is also possible to provide the argument as the decimal value 0.045.
The [basis] argument is omitted and so takes on the default value of 0 and, therefore, uses the US(NASD) 30/360 basis.
Things to remember about the RECEIVED Function
#VALUE! error – Occurs if:
Any of the given arguments are non-numeric.
The settlement or maturity arguments provided are not valid Excel dates.
#NUM! error – Occurs if:
The investment or discount argument provided is less than or equal to zero.
The basis argument given is not equal to 0,1,2,3, or 4.
The given maturity date is less than or equal to the settlement date.
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