What is the Economic Value of Equity (EVE)?
The economic value of equity (EVE) is a long-term economic measure/indicator of net cash flow. The EVE is calculated by taking into account the present value of all asset cash flows and subtracting the present value of all liability cash flows. In other words, it is the net present value (NPV) of a bank or a financial institution.
- The economic value of equity (EVE) is a long-term economic measure/indicator of net cash flow.
- The EVE is calculated by taking into account the present value of all asset cash flows and subtracting the present value of all liability cash flows.
- The purpose of EVE is to help bankers manage their assets and liabilities by monitoring long-term interest rate risk. It helps determine the net present value of a bank or a financial institution.
Purpose of Economic Value of Equity
The purpose of the economic value of equity (EVE) indicator is to help bankers better manage their assets and liabilities by monitoring the long term. It helps determine the net present value of a bank or a financial institution. In addition to that, it is used to assess risk exposure – specifically, interest rate risk.
What is Asset Liability Management?
Asset liability management refers to the process of managing the assets of an organization in terms of its cash flow in order to reduce the company’s potential risk of loss from a payment default of a liability. The manager’s sole purpose is to ensure the ready availability of assets to pay off liabilities as and when the due dates approach.
The formula for the economic value of equity (EVE) is as follows:
∆Economic Value = ∆Present Value of Assets – ∆Present Value of Liabilities
The Relationship between Assets, Liabilities, and Interest Rates
EVE demonstrates a direct relationship between interest rates and present values of liabilities. It implies that with an increase in the present value of a liability, the interest rates also show an increase.
Conversely, the EVE demonstrates an inverse relationship between interest rates and present values of assets. It implies that with an increase in the present value of an asset, the interest rates show a decline.
Importance of Economic Value of Equity
The economic value of equity is an important economic measure for several reasons. Some include:
1. A measure of actual risk
The economic value of equity is a measure of the actual risk level as a going concern. It is further helpful overall in the world of finance and economics as interest rates serve as a benchmark for finance and investment activities.
2. Importance in the banking world
EVE is a very important measure in the banking world. It is used to evaluate the degree of influence of the interest rate risk that the bank is exposed to. It is because the assets and liabilities of a bank are directly linked to the prevailing interest rate.
3. Long-term measure
The economic value of equity is an accurate long-term economic measure. It is helpful in data forecasting in the long term and helps make informed business decisions.
4. Sheds light on future financial capacity
Since the EVE is a long-term measure, it sheds light on a bank or a financial institution’s financial capacity in the long term and helps determine how equipped an organization is to deal with fluctuations in interest rates in the long-term economy.
5. Helps take proactive measures
Since the long-term information on fluctuations in interest rate is available to organizations, it helps in proactively taking up risk mitigation measures to deal with any anticipated negative effects of interest rate fluctuations.
Net Interest Income (NII)
The net interest income (NII) is the short-term alternative to the economic value of equity (EVE). While EVE measures the interest rate risk in the long term, the NII measures the influence of interest rate risks in the short term.
The following formula is used to calculate NII:
Net Interest Income (NII) = Interest Revenues – Interest Expenses
The U.S. Federal Reserve makes it mandatory to carry out regular analysis of the economic value of equity (EVE). In addition to that, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision advises a stress test of plus/minus 2% on all interest rates. The 2% stress test is an internationally accepted standard for interest rate risk determination.
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