What is a Joint Bond?
A joint bond, also known as a joint-and-several bond, is a type of bond that involves an issuer and at least two guarantors. The purpose of including multiple guarantors in a bond agreement is for one of the guarantors to guarantee payment in the case that the other guarantor is unable to pay or becomes insolvent.
Therefore, the obligation of payment is a responsibility that is shared between the guarantors because all the guarantors in the bond agreement are equally liable for the debt. As a result, a joint bond does not come with as high of a risk for investors since the responsibility of payment is shared among several guarantors.
Joint bonds can be used by small subsidiary businesses that are owned by a larger parent company, and they want to issue bonds as a way to raise capital. However, if the smaller subsidiary business wants to issue bonds, they may not be in a strong financial position to do so.
Therefore, its parent company can be involved in a bond partnership that allows the parent company and its smaller subsidiary business to act as the guarantors in a bond partnership. Doing so means that the parent company can help its subsidiary company with payment if it is unable to meet its financial obligations.
Significance of a Joint Bond
Joint bonds are beneficial for small subsidiary companies if they lack the financial capability to pay their bondholders with interest and principal. In joint bond ownership, the subsidiary company’s larger parent company can step in to assist its subsidiary company and become a second guarantor to the bond issue in order to raise capital.
The practice is especially advantageous for subsidiary companies because they can leverage the financial resources of their parent company to make interest and principal payments to bondholders, which helps the subsidiary company minimize the chances of default.
Without the help of a parent company, investors may be reluctant to purchase bonds from a small company that does not have the financial ability to pay interest and principal. An additional guarantor of a parent company provides more stability and a sense of safety for investors because the risk of default is reduced.
Purchasing Property with a Joint Bond
Besides being used by a parent company and its smaller subsidiary business, joint bonds can also be used by unmarried couples, siblings, or friends who want to purchase property together.
Unmarried couples, siblings, or a pair of friends may prefer to be in joint bond ownership when purchasing a property to share the responsibility of payment, especially if one of the partners lacks the financial capability to purchase the property by themselves.
The bank will assess the financial capability of the partnership, not individually for each member in the partnership. By agreeing to joint bond ownership, both partners are jointly liable for taxes, bond repayments, legal fees, as well as other administrative expenses when purchasing the property.
It means that each partner is responsible for the bond repayment even if one partner defaults. After the loan is paid in full, both guarantors in the bond ownership will become the official owners of the property.
The default of payment will affect the credit history of each partner involved in the joint bond. Additionally, in the case that one of the partners does not want to be a part of the bond partnership anymore, a new joint bond application has to be submitted and processed again.
Therefore, before you consider entering into a joint bond agreement to purchase property with an unmarried partner, sibling, or friend, it is recommended to seek legal and financial expertise first.
CFI is the official provider of the Capital Markets & Securities Analyst (CMSA)® certification program, designed to transform anyone into a world-class financial analyst.
To keep learning and developing your knowledge of financial analysis, we highly recommend the additional resources below: