A stockbroker is a regulated representative of the financial market who enables the buying and selling of securities on behalf of financial institutions, investor clients, and firms. A stockbroker is also called a registered representative or a broker. The trading or purchase or sale of stocks on the national stock exchanges are usually executed through a stockbroker.
Stockbrokers handle transactions for both institutional and retail customers. The primary job of a stockbroker is to obtain buy and sell orders and execute them. Many market participants depend on stockbrokers’ knowledge and expertise regarding the dynamics of the market to invest in securities. A stockbroker can work either individually or with a brokerage firm. Sometimes, broker-dealers and brokerage firms are also called stockbrokers.
A stockbroker is a regulated representative of the financial market who enables the buying and selling of securities for different clients.
Discount stockbrokers offer more research tools and trading options with smaller commissions; hence, they attract active day traders and investors.
A stockbroker needs to have a strong understanding of the financial market and regulations and must pass the General Securities Representative Exam.
Types of Stockbrokers
The choice of a stockbroker should be related to the trading needs of the traders. Traders should focus on their trading strategy and choose a stockbroker who will help meet their trading needs. For example, for short-selling stocks, traders would need to find stockbrokers with a deep list of stocks available to short.
The following are the various types of stockbrokers:
1. Full-Service Stockbroker
A full-service stockbroker offers a variety of financial services to clients. Usually, clients are assigned individual licensed stockbrokers. The brokerage firms employ research departments providing analyst recommendations and access to initial public offerings (IPOs).
Full-service stockbrokers also provide services like financial planning, business and personal home loans, banking services, and asset management. Clients can either contact their personal stockbroker for trading options or use mobile and online platforms.
However, stockbrokers offering trading functions and online access charge higher commissions. Moreover, as the online platforms of full-service stockbrokers usually cater to long-term investors, the platforms provide fewer indicators and tools for day trading investors.
2. Discount Stockbroker
Discount stockbrokers provide financial products, access to mutual funds, banking products, and other services. A discount stockbroker offers many products and services that are similar to a full-service stockbroker, but with smaller commissions.
Hence, swing traders and day traders who are more active may find discount stockbrokers appealing. Moreover, the platforms serve active day traders and investors; hence, they provide more research tools and trading options than full-service platforms.
3. Online Stockbroker
Also called a direct access stockbroker, an online stockbroker offers services to active day traders with the smallest commission – usually priced on a per-stock basis. Online stockbrokers offer direct access platforms with capabilities of routing and charting, and access to multiple exchanges, market makers, and electronic communication networks (ECN).
Also, online stockbrokers offer the advantages of access and speed, allowing executions of orders on point-and-click. The platforms also enable the placing of complex options and stock orders. The access to heavy-duty platforms usually comes with a monthly fee consisting of software and exchange fees; however, the software fees can be discounted or waived depending on the actual number of shares traded monthly by the client.
Qualifications of a Stockbroker
An undergraduate degree in finance or business administration is required if a stockbroker seeks to work with an institutional client. Additionally, an understanding of accounting methods, financial forecasting and planning, and related laws and regulations is preferred.
A stockbroker can start working with a brokerage firm in any role, even as a college intern, and gain experience on the job. However, to be a stockbroker, he/she must show a strong understanding of accounting standards and regulations of the financial market.
A stockbroker must pass the General Securities Representative Exam, controlled by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). A person needs to be financed by a member firm of FINRA or a Self-Regulatory Organization (SRO).