National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE)

The largest financial exchange in the Indian market

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What is the National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE)?

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is the largest financial exchange in the Indian market. It was established in 1992 on the recommendation of the High-Powered Study Group, which was founded by the Indian government to provide solutions to simplify participation in the stock market and make it more accessible to all interested parties. In 1994, the NSE introduced electronic trading in the Indian stock exchange market.

National Stock Exchange of India Limited

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited offers a platform to companies for raising capital. Investors can access equities, currencies, debt, and mutual fund units on thE platform. In India, foreign companies can raise capital using the NSE platform through initial public offerings (IPOs), Indian Depository Receipts (IDRs), and debt issuances. The NSE also offers clearing and settlement services.


  • The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is a financial exchange in India that provides automated trading facilities across the nation.
  • NSE trading is driven by market orders, and the buyers and sellers remain anonymous.
  • The NSE offers trading and investment in debt, equity, equity derivatives, mutual funds, IPOs, currencies, and exchange traded funds (ETFs).

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited Benchmark Index

In 1996, the NSE introduced the S&P CNX Nifty (Nifty 50) as its benchmark index. The top 50 most traded stocks on the NSE forms Nifty 50. CNX Nifty signifies the weighted average of stocks of 50 companies from 17 different sectors.

For the Nifty 50 index, the base period is November 3, 1995, the base value is 1000, and the base capital is INR 2.06 lakh crore (USD 27.28 billion).

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited Trading Process

The National Stock Exchange of India Limited trading takes place through market orders, which are matched through trading computers. The market makers or specialists are not involved in the trading process. Whenever an investor places a market order, it is given a unique number, and the trading computer immediately matches it with a limit order, while keeping the sellers and buyers anonymous.

In case a match is not found, the order is added to a list of orders to be matched in a sequence, which is determined based on the price-time precedence. The best price order is given higher priority, and for the orders with the same price, the older order is given precedence.

The order-driven exchange market displays every sell and buy order in the system; thus, it provides transparency to the investors. Customers can be provided the online trading facility by brokers, who place the orders in the trading system. Except for the holidays declared by the NSE, the exchange market is available five days a week, from Monday to Friday.

NSE Functions

  • To establish a trading facility for debt, equity, and other asset classes accessible to investors across the nation.
  • To act as a communication network providing investors an equal opportunity to participate in the trading system.
  • To meet the global standards set for financial exchange markets.
  • To provide a shorter trade settlement period and enable the book-entry settlement system.

NSE Listing Benefits

  • Investors can get trade and post-trade information through the NSE trading system. They can see the top sell orders and buy orders, as well as the number of securities available for transactions.
  • The trading expenses of investors are reduced as the impact cost on the trading activity decreases owing to the volume of the trading activity.
  • The trading system of the NSE processes the transaction at a pace that allows the investors to get the best prices.
  • The NSE provides monthly trade statistics to the listed companies. The companies can utilize the data to track their performance.
  • The electronic system of trading provides investors with a transparent and effective exchange market.

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