What is the GROWTH Function?
The GROWTH Function is categorized under Statistical functionsFunctionsThe GROWTH Function is categorized under Statistical functions. The function helps calculate the predicted exponential growth by using the existing data. In financial analysis, GROWTH helps in preparing annual plans or forecasting revenues by the company. Let’s assume the CEO expects annual revenues to reach. The function helps calculate the predicted exponential growth by using existing data.
In financial analysisFinancial Analyst Job DescriptionSee a real Financial Analyst Job Description including all the skills, experience, and education required to be the successful candidate for the job. Perform financial forecasting, reporting, and operational metrics tracking, analyze financial data, create financial models, GROWTH helps in preparing annual plans or forecasting revenues by the company. Let’s assume the CEOCEOA CEO, short for Chief Executive Officer, is the highest-ranking individual in a company or organization. The CEO is responsible for the overall success of an organization and for making top-level managerial decisions. Read a job description expects annual revenues to reach $1,500,000. The function can help us understand if the target is achievable or not by calculating the exponential growth.
Formula
=GROWTH(known_y’s, [known_x’s], [new_x’s], [const])
The GROWTH function uses the following arguments:
- Known_y’s (required argument) – It is the set of known y-values.
- Known_x’s (optional argument) – It is the set of known x-values. If a user provides the argument, it should be of the same length as the set of known_y’s.
- New_x’s (optional argument) – They are the new x_values for which we want GROWTH to return a corresponding value. If omitted, the set of [new_x’s] is assumed to be the same as the [known_x’s] and the function returns the y-values that lie on the calculated exponential growth curve.
- Const (optional argument) – It is a logical value that whether the constant ‘b’ in the equation y = b * m^x, should be forced to be equal to the value 1.
- If const is TRUE or omitted, b is calculated normally.
- If const is FALSE, b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x.
How to use the GROWTH Function in Excel?
To understand the uses of the GROWTH function, let’s consider a few examples:
Example 1
Let’s assume we wish to know if sales of $15 million are possible or not for the coming financial year. So:
- Known_y’s are the revenue values that we know.
- Known_x’s are the years for which revenue data are available.
- New_s’s are the years for which we want to predict the revenue.
Suppose we are given the following data:
In the above example, the known_y’s are the revenue figures in column C, whereas the known_x’s are the year information in column B. The new_x is B13.
The formula to use will be:
Remember as we are providing a cell reference, so no quotation marks required. We get the result below:
From the result above, $1,500,000 seems not possible, but $1,023,180 seems more achievable.
Example 2
Continuing with the same example, if we wish to find out the revenue that is more than one new y-value, we need to use the array formula. The function should be entered as an array formula.
For this, we will enter an array formula then highlight the range of cells for the function result. First, we will type the function into the first cell of range and then press CTRL-SHIFT-Enter, as shown below:
We get the result below:
As you can see above, the GROWTH function was entered into cells C13-C15 and the function in the formula bar is encased in curly braces { }. It indicates that the function was entered as an array formula.
Few notes about the GROWTH function
- #REF! error – Occurs if the [known_x’s] array is of a different length compared to the known_y’s array.
- #NUM! error – Occurs if any of the values in the known_y’s array is less than or equal to zero.
- #VALUE! error – Occurs if any of the values provided is non-numeric for known_y’s, [known_x’s] or [new_x’s] arrays.
- If we wish to see the GROWTH function visually, we can create a scatter chart of the data without displaying a line. The exponential option uses the function while the linear option uses the TREND function.
Click here to download the sample Excel file
Additional resources
Thanks for reading CFI’s guide to important Excel functions! By taking the time to learn and master these functions, you’ll significantly speed up your financial analysis. To learn more, check out these additional resources:
- Excel Functions for FinanceExcel for FinanceThis Excel for Finance guide will teach the top 10 formulas and functions you must know to be a great financial analyst in Excel. This guide has examples, screenshots and step by step instructions. In the end, download the free Excel template that includes all the finance functions covered in the tutorial
- Advanced Excel Formulas Course
- Advanced Excel Formulas You Must KnowAdvanced Excel Formulas Must KnowThese advanced Excel formulas are critical to know and will take your financial analysis skills to the next level. Advanced Excel functions you must know. Learn the top 10 Excel formulas every world-class financial analyst uses on a regular basis. These skills will improve your spreadsheet work in any career
- Excel Shortcuts for PC and MacExcel Shortcuts PC MacExcel Shortcuts - List of the most important & common MS Excel shortcuts for PC & Mac users, finance, accounting professions. Keyboard shortcuts speed up your modeling skills and save time. Learn editing, formatting, navigation, ribbon, paste special, data manipulation, formula and cell editing, and other shortucts