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This DCF model template provides you with a foundation to build your own discounted cash flow model with different assumptions.
Below is a preview of the DCF model template:
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DCF Step 1 – Build a forecast
The first step in the DCF model process is to build a forecast of the three financial statements, based on assumptions about how the business will perform in the future. On average, this forecast typically goes out about 5 years. The forecast has to build up to unlevered free cash flow (free cash flow to the firm or FCFF).
DCF Step 2 – Calculate the Terminal Value
We continue walking through the DCF model steps with calculating the terminal value. There are two approaches to calculating a terminal value: perpetual growth rate and exit multiple.
DCF Step 3 – Discount the cash flows to get the present value
In step 3 of this DCF walk through it’s time to discount the forecast period (from step 1) and the terminal value (from step 2) back to the present value using a discount rate. The discount rate used is typically the company’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC).
The best way to calculate the present value in Excel is with the XNPV function, which can account for unevenly spaced out cash flows (which are very common).
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Below is a break down of subject weightings in the FMVA® financial analyst program. As you can see there is a heavy focus on financial modeling, finance, Excel, business valuation, budgeting/forecasting, PowerPoint presentations, accounting and business strategy.
A well rounded financial analyst possesses all of the above skills!
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