Privately Held Company

An "unlisted" or "unquoted" company

What is a Privately Held Company?

A Privately Held Company is a company that is wholly owned by individuals/corporations and that does not offer equity interests in the company to investors in the form of stock shares traded on a public stock exchange, nor is it owned by a government.  A company in the “private sector” refers to non-government-owned businesses, and includes both privately held (non-traded) and publicly traded (offering stock shares traded on an exchange) companies.

 

Privately Held Company

 

Examples of a privately held company

There are many more privately held companies than public companies in existence.  While extremely large businesses tend to become publicly traded at some point (to access capital markets and gain liquidity), there are many well-known private companies.

Well-known private companies include:

  • Koch Industries
  • Deloitte (one of the Big Four accounting firms)
  • C. Johnson
  • KPMG
  • Ernst & Young (E&Y, Big Four)
  • PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC, Big Four)
  • IKEA
  • LEGO
  • Rolex

 

How to start a privately held company

If you wish to start your own company, the resources below will be a great place to begin. Starting a privately held company in the U.S., Canada, and other countries is quick and easy, while in other countries such as India and China, it is more challenging.

Here are country-specific information resources for starting a private company:

 

Types of privately held companies

There are various types of private company structures, each of which offers it own advantages and disadvantages.  The most common types are Corporation, Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), Sole Proprietorship, and Non-Profit Society. These types vary in their specific definitions and structures by country, but in most countries a corporation is the most commonly used company structure.

 

Risks of ownership

Owning shares in a private company poses many risks.  While all investments are risky, owning shares in a private business entails some unique risks that include:

  • Lack of liquidity (since shares do not trade on a public exchange)
  • Challenging to value (private company valuation and financial modeling exercises pose challenges due to less readily available information)
  • Governance issues (many private businesses lack the corporate governance structures in place in public companies)
  • Personal liability (owners of private companies typically need to pledge personal assets as collateral to get financing from banks)

 

Additional resources

CFI’s mission is to help you advance your career in the financial industry.  With that goal in mind, these additional resources will be helpful:

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