What is Volume?
The term “volume” in trading refers to the total number of shares that are traded during a given period of time. The volume of trade is measured on all types of financial commodities, including stocks, options contracts, bonds, futures contracts, etc.
In trading terminology, when a security is traded for another, it is referred to as a “change of hands.” Hence, volume (in trading) refers to the total quantity of stocks that changed hands for another commodity over a specific period of time. The change of hands can be in reference to an individual stock, a consolidated group of stocks, or with the entire market under consideration.
Indication of Liquidity
Trade volume is a heavily used metric in the trading world. It is because it serves as an indication of the liquidity of the corresponding commodity or financial asset. The level of liquidity indicates the smoothness and swiftness of the buying or selling process of the commodity in question, as the market tends to be a highly volatile one. Hence, trade volume is used as an indication of liquidity to be able to determine how easily and how quickly they can opt in or out of a position with the current prevailing price.
Volume in Trading
Volume in trading indicates the market interest (or lack thereof) in a particular stock or commodity.
1. Higher trade volume
When the trade volume for a particular stock or commodity is relatively higher, it indicates that the overall market interest for that commodity is high and that it is being actively traded in. A higher trade volume for a specific security implies higher liquidity of that security.
Higher liquidity makes the security more sought after, and hence the overall market interest for that security rises, which leads to it being actively traded in. It determines the high volatility in the market. Hence, an overall market interest increase implies that a higher volume means increased buy orders.
2. Lower trade volume
When the trade volume for a particular stock or commodity is relatively lower, it indicates that the overall market interest for that commodity is low and that it is less actively traded in (or not sought after). A lower trade volume for a specific security implies lower liquidity of that security.
Low liquidity indicates less market interest in the particular commodity, which, in turn, implies that it is being less actively traded in. Hence, an overall decline in market interest and volatility indicates that the market is leaning towards the option to sell.
Exhaustion moves in the trading market happen when there are sharp movements in the security prices accompanied by a sharp increase in trade volume. The market movement is referred to as an exhaustion move because the change indicates the “exhaustion” of a current market trend with respect to a security, signaling towards a potential end of a market trend.
The potential signal towards the end of a prevailing market trend creates an alarming atmosphere in the market, leading investors to opt in or out of their holding positions. It, in turn, induces market volatility and increases the market trade volume.
CFI is the official provider of the Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™ certification program, designed to transform anyone into a world-class financial analyst.
In order to help you become a world-class financial analyst and advance your career to your fullest potential, these additional resources will be very helpful: