What is Type A Personality?
According to the American Psychological Association, Type A personality refers to “a complex pattern of behaviors and emotions that includes an excessive emphasis on competition, aggression, impatience, and hostility.”
In the world of psychology, one way to distinguish the different personalities of people is by classifying their inherent traits as type A, B or C – each of which describes how people think, act, and react to various situations.
Below, let’s delve into the type A personality – how it affects people, how Type A individuals deal with stress, and how you can deal with people who are Type A.
Characteristics of People with Type A Personality
Type A individuals can be described as:
One main characteristic of people with Type A personality is competitiveness. They always feel the need to win in any situation.
Type A individuals are usually in a hurry. They get frustrated when they need to fall in line, tend to lose their temper quickly, move fast and often, and think that they don’t have a lot of time to spare.
Whether at work or in their personal lives, people with Type A personality are seen to show dominance in any interaction. They assert themselves without really thinking about what other people feel.
4. Overly ambitious
They associate success with their accomplishments, pushing themselves with deadlines, and always looking to achieve more and climb higher.
Negative Effects of Type A Personality
Below are some of the adverse effects of having a Type A personality:
1. Stress-related health problems
People with Type A personality usually take on demanding jobs or work in a highly competitive industry. In some cases, stressful jobs create Type A behavior.
Many factors can cause high blood pressure, but Type A personality has been associated with hypertension and a greater chance of developing coronary heart disease.
3. Social isolation
People who are seen as rude, aggressive, and impatient find it hard to build relationships. They spend a lot of time working and may tend to alienate others.
How to Deal with People with Type A Personalities
What will you do if some of your friends or colleagues have Type A traits? Here are some tips to consider:
1. Negative traits are a fact of life
Know and understand that everyone has his or her negative traits. In the case of individuals with Type A personality, apparently negative behavior is often not purposely done. If your friend or colleague is angry, you should stay calm and silent. Take a stand to make him or her understand what’s happening.
2. Keep communication lines open
People with Type A personality possess a dominating attitude. They tend to think that money will make them happy instead of spending time with family and friends. They may find it hard to express themselves, so make sure to talk to them and let them know that they can reach out to you.
It’s important for them to understand that while making money is necessary, empathy, love, and compassion play a huge role in establishing and maintaining relationships.
3. Avoid situations that trigger their negative traits
If you work with Type A colleagues or managers, you can minimize situations that make them angry. Always be aware of your deliverables so there will be no issues when it comes to your performance at work.
Do you have friends with type A? Encourage them to meditate, do yoga, or engage in activities that help relieve stress.
Thank you for reading CFI’s explanation of the Type A personality. CFI is the official provider of the Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA)® certification program, designed to transform anyone into a world-class financial analyst.
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