What is a Sources and Uses of Funds Statement?
A sources and uses of funds statement is a summary of a firm’s changes in financial position from one period to another. It is also called a flow of funds statement or a statement of changes in financial position. It has been replaced by the cash flow statement (1989) in US audited annual reports.
The cash flow statement shows a business’s cash inflow and cash outflow over an accounting period, normally a month or a year. A cash flow statement provides information about the changes in cash and cash equivalents of a business by classifying cash flows into operating, investing, and financing activities. It is a key report to be prepared for each accounting period for which financial statements are presented by an enterprise.
Monitoring the cash situation of any business is key. The income statement reflects profit but does not give any indication of the cash components. The important information of what the business has been doing with its cash is provided by the cash flow statement. Like the other financial statements, the cash flow statement is usually drawn up annually but can be drawn up more often. It is noteworthy that the cash flow statement covers the flows of cash over a period of time (unlike the balance sheet that provides a snapshot of the business at a particular date). Also, the cash flow statement can be drawn up in a budget form and later compared to actual figures.
What the sources and uses of funds statement tells you
The cash flow statement tells exactly where a company got their money from and how it was spent. All cash received (inflows) by the company and spent (outflows) by the company is shown in this statement. The statement is created by listing the changes that have occurred in all of the balance sheet items between any two balance sheet dates.
The cash flow statement shows how changes in balance sheet accounts can affect the cash which is available to a business. The projections in the statement help businesses, especially when planning short-term goals or investments, to see the current cash available for such actions. Management or investors can use the cash flow statement to pick up healthy or unhealthy trends regarding a company’s trading activities.
What the statement is comprised of
Generally, the statement consists of two sections: the source (where the money has come from) and the application (where the money has gone).
The sources of funds originate from:
- A decrease in liabilities or an increase in assets
- Net income after tax
- The disposal or revaluation of fixed assets
- Proceeds of loans obtained
- Proceeds of shares that were issued
- Repayments received on loans previously granted by the company
- Any increase in net working capital
The application of funds includes:
- Losses to be met by the company
- The purchase of fixed assets/investments
- The full or partial payment of loans
- Granting of loans
- Liability for taxes
- Dividends paid or proposed
- Any decrease in net working capital
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